Taxonomy

PUNICA GRANATUM

THE POMEGRANATE CLASSIFICATION1

DOMAIN:     EUKARYA

Organisms within this domain are eukaryotic; they each have a true nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.  The DNA is contained within the nucleus.

KINGDOM:      PLANTAE

Nearly all members of this kingdom are autotrophic and carry out photosynthesis to acquire nutrients.  Species within this kingdom exhibit an alternation of generations, meaning their life cycles consist of both multi-cellular haploid and multi-cellular diploid stages.

PHYLUM:      MAGNOLIOPHYTA

This phylum (also known as Phylum Anthophyta) consists of flowering plants, called angiosperms.  Pollination in these members occurs via wind, water, or animals.  The seed is found within a protective covering called fruit.

The diagram below displays the taxonomic breakdown of the pomegranate from the origin of life to the plant group based on morphological characteristics.

TAXONOMIC BREAKDOWN

CLASS:    MAGNOLIOPSIDA

Members of this class are commonly referred to as dicotyledons.  They have distinct characteristics that set them apart from the monocotyledons, which make up the rest of the Phylum Magnoliophyta.  The chart below compares characteristics of monocotyledons and dicotyledons.

 

 

ORDER:     MYRTALES

The shoots of these plants have phloem within the xylem as well as more than one layer of phloem surrounding the xylem.  Phloem and xylem consists of complex tissues in the vascular system of higher plants, and account for woody elements within the fibers (see Glossary).

 

FAMILY:    PUNICACEAE

Members of this family possess simple spiral leaves.  They have floral organs that are made up of five to eight petals as well as five to eight sepals.  Fruit emerges from the calyx and holds many seeds.

GENUS:    PUNICA L.

This is the lone genus within Family Punicaceae.  It contains two species” Punica granatum  and Punica protopunica.

This diagram displays the taxonomic breakdown of the pomegranate from plant group to species based on morphological characteristics.  Punica granatum is a member of the Family Punicaceae, which belows in the Order Myrtales.  Another family within this Order, Family Myraceae, contains Eucalyptus dives.  This organism is more commonly known as broad-leaf peppermint gum.

SPECIES:    PUNICA GRANATUM

Punica granatumliterally translates into “seeded apple”. Commonly known as the pomegranate, this species is a deciduous tree with thorny branches, thick elongated leaves, and hardy fruit that contains many seeds.

This figure is a molecular phylogeny which outlines the evolutionary relationship of Punica granatum with other organisms based on molecular analysis.

1International Journal of Plant Sciences, November 2005. Available at http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/2011/kruse_sara/classification.htm

PUNICA GRANATUM

THE POMEGRANATE CLASSIFICATION1

DOMAIN: EUKARYA

Organisms within this domain are eukaryotic; they each have a true nucleus and membrane-
bound organelles. The DNA is contained within the nucleus.

KINGDOM: PLANTAE

Nearly all members of this kingdom are autotrophic and carry out photosynthesis to

acquire nutrients. Species within this kingdom exhibit an alternation of generations,

meaning their life cycles consist of both multi-cellular haploid and multi-cellular diploid

stages.

PHYLUM: MAGNOLIOPHYTA

This phylum (also known as Phylum Anthophyta) consists of flowering plants, called

angiosperms. Pollination in these members occurs via wind, water, or animals. The seed is

found within a protective covering called fruit.

The diagram below displays the taxonomic breakdown of the pomegranate from the origin

of life to the plant group based on morphological characteristics.

TAXONOMIC BREAKDOWN

CLASS: MAGNOLIOPSIDA

Members of this class are commonly referred to as dicotyledons. They have distinct

characteristics that set them apart from the monocotyledons, which make up the rest of

the Phylum Magnoliophyta. The chart below compares characteristics of monocotyledons

and dicotyledons.

ORDER: MYRTALES

The shoots of these plants have phloem within the xylem as well as more than one layer

of phloem surrounding the xylem. Phloem and xylem consists of complex tissues in the

vascular system of higher plants, and account for woody elements within the fibers (see

Glossary).

FAMILY: PUNICACEAE

Members of this family possess simple spiral leaves. They have floral organs that are

made up of five to eight petals as well as five to eight sepals. Fruit emerges from the

calyx and holds many seeds.

GENUS: PUNICA L.

This is the lone genus within Family Punicaceae. It contains two species” Punica granatum

and Punica protopunica.

This diagram displays the taxonomic breakdown of the pomegranate from plant group

to species based on morphological characteristics. Punica granatum is a member of the

Family Punicaceae, which belows in the Order Myrtales. Another family within this Order,

Family Myraceae, contains Eucalyptus dives. This organism is more commonly known as

broad-leaf peppermint gum.

SPECIES: PUNICA GRANATUM

Punica granatum literally translates into “seeded apple”. Commonly known as the

pomegranate, this species is a deciduous tree with thorny branches, thick elongated

leaves, and hardy fruit that contains many seeds.

This figure is a molecular phylogeny which outlines the evolutionary relationship of Punica

granatum with other organisms based on molecular analysis.

1International Journal of Plant Sciences, November 2005. Available at http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/

bio203/2011/kruse_sara/classification.htm