ANTIOXIDANT – a health-promoting substance found in foods that provides protection against harmful free radicals
ARILS – fleshy, juice-filled sacs on the interior of the fruit, each containing one seed
COTYLEDON – a leaf on the embryonic seed of a flowering plant; may occur alone or in pairs
CROSS-POLLINATION – the transfer of pollen from the male part of one flower to the female part of another, potentially resulting in the formation of a new plant
DICOT – short for dicotyledon; a member of the phylum Anthophyta (flowering plants) whose seed contains two embryonic leaves
DIPLOID – term used to describe a cell that has two sets of chromosomes
GLOMEROMYCOTA – phylum of fungi that forms a mutualistic relationship called endomyccorhizae with various plant species
GRENADINE – a product of pomegranates, a syrup commonly used in mixed drinks
HAPLOID – term used to describe a cell that has just one set of chromosomes
MONOECIOUS – term used to describe a species that houses the male and female reproductive parts on one individual; hermaphroditic
PERICARP – white, membranous material inside the pomegranate that separates the arils into chambers
pH – the measure of acidity in a medium based on the hydrogen ion concentration; pH scale runs from 0 (extremely acidic) to 14 (extremely basic), with 7 being neutral
PHLOEM – consists of complex tissues in the vascular system of higher plants consisting mainly of sieve tubes and companion cells and usually also of fibers and parenchyma cells and functioning chiefly in translocation but also in support and storage.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS – process in which an autotrophic organism produces nutrients via conversion of light energy into chemical energy
SARCOTESTA – fleshy colored seed coat consisting of epidermal cells derived from the integument.
TAPROOT – one main root; characteristic of a dicot
TAXONOMY – the study of the general principles of scientific classification; the systematic distinguishing order and naming of type groups; orderly classification of plants and animals.
VASCULAR TISSUE – supportive transport tissue consisting of xylem and phloem, present in vascular plants
XYLEM – consists of complex tissues in the vascular system of higher plants consisting of vessels, tracheids, or both usually together with wood fibers and parenchyma cells, functioning chiefly in conduction but also in support and storage, and typically constituting the woody element.